Keyword: proton
Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOPG39 Upgrade of the LHC Bunch by Bunch Intensity Measurement Acquisition System FPGA, real-time, acceleration, interface 135
  • D. Belohrad, D. Esperante Pereira, J. Kral, S.B. Pedersen
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  The fast beam intensity measurement systems for the LHC currently use an analogue signal processing chain to provide the charge information for individual bunches. This limits the possibility to use higher level correction algorithms to remove systematic measurement errors coming from the beam current transformer and the associated analogue electronics chain. In addition, the current measurement system requires individual settings for different types of beams, implying the need for continuous tuning during LHC operation. Using modern technology, the analogue measurement chain can be replaced by an entirely digital acquisition system, even in a case of the short, pulsed signals produced by the LHC beams. This paper discusses the implementation of the new digital acquisition system and the calculations required to reconstruct the individual LHC bunch intensities, along with the presentation of results from actual beam measurements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG39  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG41 A New Wall Current Monitor for the CERN Proton Synchrotron impedance, vacuum, synchrotron, simulation 143
  • J.M. Belleman, W. Andreazza
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A.A. Nosych
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  Wall Current Monitors are the devices of choice to observe the instantaneous beam current in proton accelerators. These entirely passive transformers deliver a high-fidelity image of the beam intensity in a bandwidth spanning from about 100kHz up to several GHz. They serve as a signal source for a diverse set of applications including Low Level RF feedback and longitudinal diagnostics such as bunch shape measurements and phase-space tomography. They are appreciated for their excellent reliability, large bandwidth and unsurpassed dynamic range. We describe the design of a new Wall Current Monitor for the CERN Proton Synchrotron with a useful bandwidth of 100kHz to 4GHz. Two such devices have been installed in the PS machine and are now used in regular operation. Some usage examples will be shown.  
poster icon Poster MOPG41 [1.728 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG41  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG47 Beta Function Measurement for the AGS IPM emittance, dipole, flattop, betatron 157
  • H. Huang, L. Ahrens, C.E. Harper, F. Méot, V. Schoefer
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Emittance control is important for polarization preservation of proton beam in the Alternative Gradient Synchrotron (AGS). For polarization preservation, two helical dipole partial snake magnets are inserted into the AGS lattice. In addition, the vertical tune has to run very high, in the vicinity of integer. These helical dipole magnets greatly distort the optics, especially near injection. The beta functions along the energy ramp have been modeled and measured at the locations of the Ion Profile Monitor (IPM). For the measurements to be valid, the betatron tune, dipole current and orbit responses have to be carefully measured. This paper summarize the experiment results and comparison with the model. These results will lead to understanding of emittance evolution in the AGS.  
poster icon Poster MOPG47 [2.033 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG47  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG76 A Scintillating Fibre Beam Profile Monitor for the Experimental Areas of the SPS at CERN detector, ion, photon, radiation 261
  • I. Ortega Ruiz, J. Spanggaard, G. Tranquille
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • A. Bay, G.J. Haefeli
    EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
  The CERN Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) delivers a wide spectrum of particle beams (hadrons, leptons and heavy ions) that can vary greatly in momentum and intensity. The profile and position of these beams are measured using particle detectors. However, the current systems show several problems that limit the quality of such monitoring. We have researched a new monitor made of scintillating fibres read-out with Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPM), which has the potential to perform better in terms of material budget, range of intensities measured and available detector size. In addition, it also has particle counting capabilities, extending its use to spectrometry or Time-Of-Flight measurements. Its radiation hardness is good to guarantee years of functioning. We have successfully tested a first prototype of this detector with different particle beams at CERN, giving accurate profile measurements over a wide range of energies and intensities. It only showed problems during operation with lead ion beams, believed to come from crosstalk between the fibres. Investigations are ongoing on alternative photodetectors, the electronics readout and solutions to the fibre crosstalk.  
poster icon Poster MOPG76 [2.611 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG76  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG77 Design and Application of the Wire Scanner for CADS Proton Beams emittance, rfq, instrumentation, controls 265
  • L. Yu, J.S. Cao, H. Geng, C. Meng, Y.F. Sui
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  CADS Injector-I accelerator is a 10-mA 10-MeV CW proton linac, which uses a 3.2-MeV normal conducting 4-Vane RFQ and superconducting single-spoke cavities for accelerating. Eight wire scanners are designed and used to measure the beam profile of CADS Injector-I. In this paper principal of operation, instrumentation and programming of these wire scanners are discussed. Some results of beam profile and emittance measurement with these wire scanners are also presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG77  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG78 Scintillation and OTR Screen Characterization with a 440 GeV/c Proton Beam in Air at the CERN HiRadMat Facility photon, vacuum, radiation, controls 268
  • S. Burger, B. Biskup, S. Mazzoni, M. Turner
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • B. Biskup
    Czech Technical University, Prague 6, Czech Republic
  • M. Turner
    TUG/ITP, Graz, Austria
  Beam observation systems, based on charged particles passing through a light emitting screen, are widely used and often crucial for the operation of particle accelerators as well as experimental beamlines. The AWAKE experiment, currently under construction at CERN, requires a detailed understanding of screen sensitivity and the associated accuracy of the beam size measurement. We present the measurement of relative light yield and screen resolution of seven different materials (Chromox, YAG, Alumina, Titanium, Aluminium, Aluminium and Silver coated Silicon). The Chromox and YAG samples were additionally measured with different thicknesses. The measurements were performed at the CERN's HiRadMat test facility with 440 GeV/c protons, a beam similar to the one foreseen for AWAKE. The experiment was performed in an air environment.  
poster icon Poster MOPG78 [2.795 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG78  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPG79 Scintillating Screens Investigations with Proton Beams at 30 keV and 3 MeV ion, ion-source, diagnostics, electron 273
  • C. Simon, F. Harrault, F. Senée, O. Tuske
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  • P. Ausset
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • E. Bordas, F. Leprêtre, Y. Serruys
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • J. Fils
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  Luminescent screens hit by accelerated charged particle beams are commonly used as beam diagnostics to produce a visible emitted light, which can be sensed by a camera. In order to investigate the characteristics of the luminescence response of several scintillators, the beam shape and the observation of the transverse position, experiments were done with different low intensity proton beams produced by two different test benches. This study is motivated by the need to identify scintilla-tor materials for the development of a 4-dimensional emittancemeter which will allow the characterization of the beams, in particular the emittance measurement (size, angular divergence). This paper describes the experimental setups and our investigations of the optical properties of various scintillating materials at two different proton beam energies respectively about 30 keV and 3 MeV. The light produced by these screens is characterized by yield, flux of the emitted light versus the beam intensity, time response, and long life-time and they are compared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG79  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG05 Simulation of Bunch Length and Velocity Dependence of Button BPMs for Linacs Using CST Particle Studio® pick-up, simulation, linac, wakefield 319
  • M.H. Almalki
    KACST, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • P. Forck, T. Sieber, R. Singh
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  At non-relativistic velocities at a proton LINAC, the electromagnetic field generated by the beam has a significant longitudinal component, and thus the time evolution of the signal coupled to the BPM electrodes depends on bunch length and beam velocity. Extensive simulations with the electromagnetic simulation tool CST Studio® were executed to investigate the dependence of the induced BPM signal on different bunch lengths and velocities. Related to the application, the simulations are executed for the button BPM arrangement as foreseen for the FAIR Proton LINAC. These investigations provide the required inputs for the BPM system and its related technical layout such as analogue bandwidth and signal processing electronics. For the BPM electronics, it is important to estimate the contribution of the harmonic used for the data processing. Additionally, the analogue bandwidth of the BPM system is determined from studying the output signal of the button BPM as a function of bunch length at different beam velocities. This contribution presents the results of the simulations and comments on general findings relevant for a BPM layout and the operation of a hadron LINAC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG05  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG21 Beam-Loss Monitoring Signals of Interlocked Events at the J-PARC Linac linac, cavity, operation, EPICS 368
  • N. Hayashi, Y. Kato, A. Miura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  • K. Futatsukawa, T. Miyao
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  It is important to understand why the beam gets lost during normal operation. If RF cavity gets interlocked due to its failure, it is understandable. But it is still useful to study its detail mechanism and which beam loss monitor (BLM) receives higher loss or it is more sensitive in order to reduce a numbers of interlocked events and stabilize the accelerator operation in future. The J-PARC Linac BLM has a simple data recorder system consists of multi-oscilloscopes. Although its functionality is limited, it can record events when an interlock is triggered. Particular interest is the events associate with only BLM MPS (Machine-Protection-System). They may reveal hidden problems in the accelerator.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG21  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG23 Use CR-39 Plastic Dosimeters for Beam Ion Halo Measurements detector, linac, diagnostics, software 376
  • I. Eliyahu, A. Cohen, E. Daniely, B. Kaizer, A. Kreisler, A. Perry, A. Shor, L. Weissman
    Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel
  Beam halo and growth of beam emittance are important issues for high-intensity linear accelerators. Beam-dynamic predictions of weak beam tails are usually not reliable due to complexity of the non-linear effects leading to halo formation. Therefore, development of a simple method for beam halo diagnostics is highly desirable. The first testing of CR-39 solid-state nuclear track dosimeters for beam halo measurement were performed at the SARAF phase I accelerator with a few MeV proton beams. Beam pulses of 90 nA peak intensity of shortest possible duration (15 ns) were used for direct irradiation of standard CR-39 personal dosimetry tags. Other irradiations were done with beam pulses of 200 ns duration and of 1 mA peak intensity. Specially prepared large area CR-39 plates with central hole for the beam core transport were used in these tests. Weak beam structures were clearly observed in the both types of irradiation. The tests showed feasibility of beam halo measurements down to resolution level of a single proton. The optimum CR-39 etching conditions were established. The advantages and drawback of the method are discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG23  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG24 Online Total Ionisation Dosimeter (TID) Monitoring Using Semiconductor Based Radiation Sensors in the ISIS Proton Synchrotron radiation, synchrotron, injection, experiment 379
  • D.M. Harryman, A. Pertica
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  During routine operation, the radiation levels in the ISIS proton synchrotron become high enough to permanently affect systems and electronics. This can potentially cause critical components to fail unexpectedly or denature over time, causing disruption for users of the ISIS facility or a loss of accuracy on a number of systems. To study the long term effects of ionising radiation on ISIS systems and electronics, the total dose received by such components must be recorded. A semiconductor based online Total Ionisation Dosimeter (TID) was developed to do this, using pin diodes and Radiation sensing Field Effect Transistors (RadFETs) to measure the total ionisation dose. Measurements are made by feeding the TIDs with a constant current, with the threshold voltage on each device increasing in relation to the amount of radiation that it has received. This paper will look at preliminary offline results using off the shelf Field Effect Transistors (FETs) and diodes, before discussing the development of the RadFET online monitor and the results it has gathered thus far. Finally the paper will look at future applications and studies that this type of monitor will enable.  
poster icon Poster TUPG24 [1.235 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG24  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG27 Beam Diagnostics for Medical Accelerators detector, diagnostics, ion, network 387
  • C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No 675265.
The Optimization of Medical Accelerators (OMA) is the aim of a new European Training Network that has received 4 ME of funding within the Horizon 2020 Programme of the European Union. OMA joins universities, research centers and clinical facilities with industry partners to address the challenges in treatment facility design and optimization, numerical simulations for the development of advanced treatment schemes, and beam imaging and treatment monitoring. This contribution presents an overview of the network's research into beam diagnostics and imaging. This includes investigations into applying detector technologies originally developed for high energy physics experiments (such as VELO, Medipix) for medical applications; integration of prompt gamma cameras in the clinical workflow; identification of optimum detector configurations and materials for high resolution spectrometers for proton therapy and radiography; ultra-low charge beam current monitors and diagnostics for cell studies using proton beams. It also summarizes the network-wide training program consisting of Schools, Topical Workshops and Conferences that will be open to the wider medical and accelerator communities.
poster icon Poster TUPG27 [0.388 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG27  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG34 First Results from the IPHI Beam Instrumentation operation, diagnostics, rfq, beam-diagnostic 413
  • P. Ausset, M. Ben Abdillah, S. Berthelot, C. Joly, J. Lesrel, J.-F. Yaniche
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • D. Bogard, B. Pottin, D. Uriot
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  I.P.H.I. is a High Intensity Proton Injector (C.N.R.S/I.N.2P.3; C.E.A./Irfu and C.E.R.N. collaboration) located at Saclay and now on operation. An E.C.R. source produces a 100 keV, 100 mA C.W. proton beams which will be accelerated at 3 MeV by a 4 vanes R.F.Q. operating at 352.2 MHz. Finally, a High Energy Beam Transport Line (H.E.B.T.) delivers the beam to a beam stopper. The HEBT is equipped with appropriate beam diagnostics to carry beam current, centroid beam transverse position, transverse beam profiles, beam energy and energy spread measurements for the commissioning of I.P.H.I. These beam diagnostics operate under both pulsed and C.W. operation. However transverse beam profile measurements are acquired under low duty factor pulsed beam operation using a slow wire scanner. The beam instrumentation of the H.E.B.T. is reviewed and the first measurements at 3 MeV are described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG34  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG40 The Cherenkov Detector for Proton Flux Measurement (CpFM) in the UA9 Experiment detector, experiment, radiation, vacuum 430
  • S. Montesano, W. Scandale
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • F.M. Addesa, G. Cavoto, F. Iacoangeli
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • L. Burmistrov, S. Dubos, V. Puill, W. Scandale, A. Stocchi
    LAL, Orsay, France
  The UA9 experiment at the CERN SPS investigates the possibility to use bent crystals to steer particles in high energy accelerators. In this framework the CpFM have been developed to measure the beam particle flux in different experimental situations. Thin movable fused-silica bars installed in the SPS primary vacuum and intercepting the incoming particles are used to radiate Cherenkov light. The light signal is collected outside the beam pipe through a quartz optical window by radiation hard PMTs. The PMT signal is readout by the WaveCatcher acquisition board, which provides count rate as well as waveform information over a configurable time window. A bundle of optical fibers can be used to transport the light signal far from the beam pipe, allowing to reduce the radiation dose to the PMT. A first version of the CpFM has been successfully commissioned during the data taking runs of the UA9 Experiment in 2015, while a second version has been installed in the TT20 extraction line of the SPS in 2016. In this contribution the design choices will be presented and the final version of the detector will be described in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG40  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG51 Micro Pattern Ionization Chamber with Adaptive Amplifiers as Dose Delivery Monitor for Therapeutic Proton LINAC electronics, linac, cathode, factory 464
  • E. Cisbani, A. Carloni, S. Colilli, G. De Angelis, S. Frullani, F. Ghio, F. Giuliani, M. Gricia, M. Lucentini, C. Notaro, F. Santavenere, A. Spurio, G. Vacca
    ISS, Rome, Italy
  • A. Ampollini, P. Nenzi, L. Picardi, C. Ronsivalle, M. Vadrucci
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • E. Basile
    Azienda Ospedaliera Papardo, Messina, Italy
  • D.M. Castelluccio
    ENEA-Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • C. Placido
    University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome, Italy
  Funding: Regione Lazio: TOP-IMPLART project
A dedicated dose delivery monitor is under development for the TOP-IMPLART proton accelerator, the first LINAC for cancer therapy. It is expected to measure the intensity profile to precisely monitor the fully active 3+1D (x/y/z and intensity) dose delivery of each short pulses (few micro-s, 0.1-10 micro-A pulse current at ~100 Hz) of the therapeutic proton beam (up to 230 MeV). The monitor system consists of planar gas chambers operating in ionization regime with cathode plane made ofμpattern pads alternately connected by orthogonal strips*. The dedicated readout electronics features trans-impedance amplifier that dynamically adapts its integrating feedback capacitance to the incoming amount of charge, then opportunistically changing its gain. The measured absolute sensitivity is about 100 fC (better than 0.03 relative sensitivity), the dynamic range up to 10000 (2 gain settings) with time response at the level of few ns, and virtually no dead time. Small scale chamber prototype (0.875 mm pitch pads) and readout electronics have been tested and characterized under both electron (5 MeV) and proton (up to 27 MeV) beams.
* The pad-like design has been adopted to maximize the field uniformity, to reduce the chamber thickness and to obtain both x/y coordinates on a single chamber.
poster icon Poster TUPG51 [3.468 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG51  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG68 Study of the Radiation Damage on a Scintillating Fibers Based Beam Profile Monitor detector, radiation, factory, extraction 512
  • E. Rojatti, G.M.A. Calvi, L. Lanzavecchia, A. Parravicini, C. Viviani
    CNAO Foundation, Milan, Italy
  The Scintillating Fibers Harp (SFH) monitors are the beam profile detectors used in the High Energy Beam Transfer (HEBT) lines of the CNAO (Centro Nazionale Adroterapia Oncologica, Italy) machine. The use of scintillating fibers coupled with a high-resolution CCD camera makes the detector of simple architecture and with high performances (less than 0.5mm resolution and 50Hz frame rate); on the other hand, fibers radiation damage shall be faced after some years of operation. The damage appears in multiple ways, as efficiency loss in light production, delayed light emission, attenuation length reduction. The work presents measurements and analysis performed to understand the phenomenon, in such a way to deal with it as best as possible. The connection between dose rate, integral dose and damage level is investigated as well as the possible recovery after a period of no irradiation. The influence of the damage effects on profiles reconstruction and beam parameters calculation is studied. Data elaboration is modified in such a way to compensate radiation damage effects and protract the SFH lifetime, before the major intervention of fibers replacement. Methods and results are discussed.  
poster icon Poster TUPG68 [1.244 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG68  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG70 Test of the Imaging Properties of Inorganic Scintillation Screens Using Fast and Slow Extracted Ion Beams ion, extraction, target, radiation 516
  • A. Lieberwirth, P. Forck, O.K. Kester, S. Lederer, T. Sieber, B. Walasek-Höhne
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • W. Ensinger, S. Lederer, A. Lieberwirth
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • P. Forck, O.K. Kester
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  Funding: Work supported by BMBF, contract number 05P12RDRBJ
Inorganic scintillation screens are a common transverse profile diagnostics tool for beams extracted from the heavy ion synchrotron SIS18 at GSI. Detailed investigations concerning light output, profile reproduction and spectral emission were performed for phosphor screens P43 and P46, single crystal YAG:Ce, alumina ceramics and Chromium-doped alumina (Chromox). The screens were irradiated with several ion species from proton to Uranium. The particle energy was 300 MeV/u at intensities in the range from some 106 to 1010 particles per pulse, using either fast extraction (1μsecond duration) or slow extraction (some 100 ms duration). The light output coincides for both extraction types, i.e. no significant saturation was observed. For all materials the optical emission spectrum is independent on the ion species or beam intensities. Radiation hardness tests were performed with up to 1012 accumulated ions: The phosphor P46 as well as YAG:Ce shows no significant decrease of light output, while for P43 and Chromox a decrease by 5 to 15 % was measured. These results will trigger the choice of the standard screens installed at the FAIR facility.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG70  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG73 Preparatory Work for a Fluorescence Based Profile Monitor for an Electron Lens electron, photon, ion, radiation 528
  • S. Udrea, P. Forck
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • E. Barrios Diaz, O.R. Jones, P. Magagnin, G. Schneider, R. Veness
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P. Forck, S. Udrea
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • V. Tzoganis, C.P. Welsch, H.D. Zhang
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  Electron lenses (e-lens) have been proposed and used to mitigate several issues related to beam dynamics in high current synchrotrons. A hollow electron lens system is presently under development as part of the collimation upgrade for the high luminosity up-grade of LHC. Moreover, at GSI an electron lens system also is proposed for space charge compensation in the SIS-18 synchrotron to decrease the tune spread and allow for the high intensities at the future FAIR facility. For effective operation, a very precise alignment is necessary between the ion beam and the low energy electron beam. For the e-lens at CERN a beam diagnostics setup based on an intersecting gas sheet and the observation of beam induced fluorescence (BIF) is under development within a collaboration between CERN, Cockcroft Institute and GSI. In this paper we give an account of recent preparatory experiments performed at the Cockcroft Institute's gas curtain experimental setup with the aim to find the optimum way of distinguishing between the signals due to the low energy electron beam and the relativistic proton beam.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG73  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG80 Design and Implementation of Non-Invasive Profile Monitors for the ESS LEBT alignment, vacuum, photon, controls 551
  • C.A. Thomas, T. Galh, T.J. Grandsaert, H. Kocevar, J.H. Lee, A. Serrano, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  We present in this paper the design and implementation of the Non-invasive Profile Monitors for the ESS LEBT. Non-invasive Profile Monitors at ESS measure the transverse profile of the high power proton beam. As such the NPM for the LEBT is not different from NPM designed for other sections of the ESS linac, however, it received the requirement to measure the position of the beam accurately with respect to the centre of the vacuum chamber, representing the reference orbit. This particular requirement led to implement a specific design to provide absolute position measurement to the system. In the following we will first describe the design and the associated functionalities, and then we will present the performance measurements of this built system, fully integrated into the control system. Finally we will discuss the performance in comparison to the initial requirements.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG80  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG81 Space Charge Studies for the Ionisation Profile Monitors for the ESS Cold Linac space-charge, electron, simulation, linac 555
  • C.A. Thomas
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • F. Belloni, J. Marroncle
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  In this paper, we present the results from a numerical code developed to study the effect of space charge on the performance of Ionisation Profile Monitors. The code has been developed from the analytical expression of the electromagnetic field generated by a 3D bunch of charged particles moving along one axis. This transient field is evaluated to calculate the momentum gained by a test moving particle, but not necessary co-moving with the bunch, and included in a non-linear ordinary differential equation solver (Runge-Kutta) to track the 3D motion of the test particle. The model of the IPM is complete when an additional constant electric field is included to project the test particle onto a screen. The results from this code, modelling the IPM to be developed for the ESS Cold Linac, are presented here, and the impact of the space charge on the measurement of the beam profile is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG81  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
TUPG82 Preliminary Measurement on Potential Luminescent Coating Material for the ESS Target Imaging Systems target, detector, controls, coupling 559
  • C.A. Thomas, M.A. Hartl, Y. Lee, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • E. Adli, H. Gjersdal, M.R. Jaekel, O. Rohne
    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  • S. Joshi
    University College West, Trollhätan, Sweden
  We present in this paper the preliminary measurements performed on luminescent materials to be investigated and eventually coated on the ESS target wheel, the Proton Beam Window separating the end of the ESS Linac and the entrance of the ESS target area, and the ESS Dump. Among all the properties of the luminescent material required for the target imaging systems, luminescence yield and luminescent lifetime are essential for two reasons. The first one is trivial, since this material is the source for the imaging system and sets its potential performance. The lifetime is not generally of importance, unless the object is moving, or time dependence measurements are to be done. In our case, the target wheel is moving, and measurement of the beam density current may have to be performed at the 10μups scale. Thus luminescence lifetime of the coating material should be known and measured. In this paper, we present the luminescence measurements of the photo-luminescent lifetime of several materials currently under studies to be used eventually for the first beam on target.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG82  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG09 Development of a Prototype Electro-Optic Beam Position Monitor at the CERN SPS pick-up, polarization, laser, optics 634
  • A. Arteche, A. Bosco, S.M. Gibson
    Royal Holloway, University of London, Surrey, United Kingdom
  • N. Chritin, D. Draskovic, T. Lefèvre, T.E. Levens
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: Project funded by UK STFC grant, ST/N001583/1
A novel electro-optic beam position monitor capable of rapidly (<50ps) monitoring transverse intra-bunch perturbations is under development for the HL-LHC project. The EO-BPM relies on the fast optical response of two pairs of electro-optic crystals, whose birefringence is modified by the passing electric field of a 1ns proton bunch. Analytic models of the electric field are compared with electromagnetic simulations. A preliminary opto-mechanical design of the EO-BPM was manufactured and installed at the CERN SPS in 2016. The prototype is equipped with two pairs of 5mm cubic LiNbO3 crystals, mounted in the horizontal and vertical planes. A polarized CW 780nm laser in the counting room transmits light via 160m of PM fibre to the SPS, where delivery optics directs light through a pair of crystals in the accelerator vacuum. The input polarization state to the crystal can be remotely controlled. The modulated light after the crystal is analyzed, fibre-coupled and recorded by a fast photodetector in the counting room. Following the recent installation, we present the detailed setup and report the latest status on commissioning the device in-situ at the CERN SPS.
poster icon Poster WEPG09 [8.441 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG09  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG22 Relation between Signals of the Beam Loss Monitors and Residual Radiation in the J-PARC RCS beam-losses, operation, radiation, vacuum 673
  • M. Yoshimoto, H. Harada, M. Kinsho, K. Yamamoto
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  The most important issue in realizing such a MW-class high-power routine beam operation is to keep machine activations within a permissible level, that is, to preserve a better hands-on-maintenance environment. Thus, a large fraction of our effort has been concentrated on reducing and managing beam losses. To validate the beam loss optimizations, residual radiation measurement along the ring provide us with further information. By relating signals of the beam loss monitors with the measured distribution of the residual radiation, achievements of the high power beam operation will be described. In this presentation, we will report on the measurement results of residual radiation distribution along the ring together with the relation with the beam loss signals.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG22  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG29 Commissioning Results of the TOP-IMPLART 27 MeV Proton Linear Accelerator linac, DTL, booster, rfq 686
  • P. Nenzi, A. Ampollini, G. Bazzano, L. Picardi, M. Piccinini, C. Ronsivalle, V. Surrenti, E. Trinca, M. Vadrucci
    ENEA C.R. Frascati, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  Funding: The work has been granted by Regione Lazio under the agreement "TOP-IMPLART Project"
The results of a 27MeV proton LINAC commissioning are presented. The linac, operating at ENEA Frascati Research Center, consists of a 425MHz injector followed by a 3GHz booster. The injector is a commercial LINAC (ACCSYS-HITACHI PL7) composed by a duoplasmatron source with einzel lens, a 3MeV RFQ and a 7MeV DTL. Wide injection current range (0-1.5mA) is obtained varying extraction and lens potentials. The booster is a sequence of 3 SCDTL (Side Coupled DTL) modules with output energies of 11.6, 18 and 27MeV. Each module requires less than 2MW peak power in 4us length pulses. All modules are powered by a single klystron. The output beam has been characterized at 10Hz PRF. Fast AC transformers, Faraday cup and ionization chamber have been used for current/charge monitoring, while energy has been measured using a novel detector based on LiF crystals. Systematic measurements have been done to investigate the sensitivity of output beam to machine operating parameters (SCDTL temperatures, stability of injector and RF power) highlightning the existing correlations. The LINAC is part of a 150MeV protontherapy accelerator under development in the framework of the TOP-IMPLART Project.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG29  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG42 Energy and Longitudinal Bunch Measurements at the SPIRAL2 RFQ Exit rfq, diagnostics, electron, ion 723
  • C. Jamet, W.LC. Le Coz, G. Ledu, S. Loret, C. Potier de courcy
    GANIL, Caen, France
  A new step of the SPIRAL2 commissioning started in December 2015 with the acceleration of a first proton beam at the RFQ exit. A test bench, with all the different diagnostics which will be used on the SPIRAL2 accelerator, was installed directly after the first rebuncher of the MEBT line in order to qualify beams but also to test and make reliable the diagnostic monitors. In 2016, different ion beams are qualified by the diagnostic test bench. This paper describes the results of the energy measurements done by a Time of Flight monitor and the longitudinal measurements using a fast faraday cup.  
poster icon Poster WEPG42 [3.072 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG42  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG45 Present Status of the Laser Charge Exchange Test Using the 3-MeV Linac in J-PARC laser, linac, experiment, rfq 736
  • H. Takei, E. Chishiro, K. Hirano, Y. Kondo, S.I. Meigo, A. Miura, T. Morishita, H. Oguri, K. Tsutsumi
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  The accelerator-driven system (ADS) is discussed as one of the efficient device to transmute long-lived nuclides. For the efficient transmutation of the minor actinide (MA), precise prediction of neutronic performance of ADS is indispensable. The Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P) aimed at obtaining experimental data for the accuracy improvement of neutronics evaluation of MA-loaded ADS. The critical assembly installed in TEF-P operates below 500 watt to prevent the excessive radio activation of assembly. For the separation of low power beam from J-PARC intense proton accelerator, the meticulous low power beam extraction method from high power proton beam is required. The laser charge exchange method (LCE) is originally developed to measure the proton beam profile and can be applied to the beam separation device for TEF-P. The LCE device consists of bright YAG-laser and laser transport system with beam position controllers. We performed the stability tests for laser power and position of exposure by no proton beam condition. The further LCE tests using negative 3-MeV proton linac in J-PARC will be conducted. In this paper, present status of LCE tests is presented.  
poster icon Poster WEPG45 [16.240 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG45  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG59 Thermal Simulations of Wire Profile Monitors in ISIS Extracted Proton Beamline 1 simulation, neutron, target, electron 785
  • D.W. Posthuma de Boer, A. Pertica
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  Wire scanners and secondary emission (SEM) grids are used for measurements of transverse beam profile at the ISIS neutron and muon source. Silicon carbide-coated carbon fibre wires are used in profile monitors throughout the ISIS accelerator. One such SEM grid is currently installed close to the target in EPB2 and is intercepted by the 800 MeV proton beam at a repetition rate of 10 Hz. Future profile measurements will require another of these monitors to be installed close to the target in EPB1; intercepted with a repetition rate of 40 Hz. Wires intercepting the ion beam are heated due to the deposition of beam-energy. Thermal simulations for the higher repetition rate were performed using ANSYS and a numerical code. The numerical code was then expanded to include various beam, wire and material properties. Assumptions for temperature dependent material emissivities and heat capacities were included in the simulation. Estimated temperatures due to the energy deposited by protons, and approximate values of deposited energy from the expected neutron flux are presented. The effects on wire-temperature of various beam and wire parameters are also discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG59  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG66 Beam Induced Fluorescence Monitor R&D for the J-PARC Neutrino Beamline radiation, injection, space-charge, vacuum 799
  • M.L. Friend
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • C. Bronner, M. Hartz
    Kavli IPMU, Kashiwa, Japan
  Proton beam monitoring is essential for the J-PARC neutrino beamline, where neutrinos are produced by the collision of 30 GeV protons with a long carbon target. Along with continued upgrades to the J-PARC beam power, from the current 420 kW to 1.3+ MW, there is also a requirement for monitor upgrades. A Beam Induced Fluorescence monitor is under development, which would continuously and non-destructively measure the proton beam profile spill-by-spill by measuring fluorescence light from proton interactions with gas injected into the beamline. Monitor design is constrained by the J-PARC neutrino beamline configuration, where a major challenge will be getting sufficient signal to precisely reconstruct the proton beam profile. R&D for a pulsed gas injection system is under way, where injected gas uniformity and vacuum pump lifetime are main concerns. Design of a light detection system is also under way, where light transport away from the high radiation environment near the proton beamline, as well as fast detection down to very low light levels, are essential.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG66  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG68 An Investigation into the Behaviour of Residual Gas Ionisation Profile Monitors in the ISIS Extracted Beamline ion, simulation, detector, synchrotron 807
  • C.C. Wilcox, B. Jones, A. Pertica, R.E. Williamson
    STFC/RAL/ISIS, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon, United Kingdom
  Non-destructive beam profile measurements at the ISIS neutron source are performed using Multi-Channel Profile Monitors (MCPMs). These use residual gas ionisation within the beam pipe, with the ions being guided to an array of 40 Channeltron electron multipliers by a high voltage drift field. Non-uniform transverse electric fields within these monitors are caused by the drift field and the beam's space charge. Longitudinally, a saddle point located between the drift field plate and the opposing compensating field plate introduces extra complexity into the ion motion. To allow for detailed studies of this behaviour, an MCPM has been placed in Extracted Proton Beamline 1 (EPB1) where the beam is well defined. Simulations of the profiles obtained by this monitor are performed using machine measurements, CST EM Studio and a simple C++ particle tracking code. This paper describes the process used to simulate MCPM profiles along with a comparison of simulated and measured results. Trajectories of detected ions from their creation to the Channeltrons are discussed, together with a study of Channeltron detection characteristics carried out in the ISIS diagnostics laboratory vacuum tank.  
poster icon Poster WEPG68 [2.703 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG68  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPG75 The Beam Profile Monitoring System for the CERN IRRAD Proton Facility detector, data-acquisition, operation, radiation 825
  • F. Ravotti, B. Gkotse, M. Glaser, E. Matli, G. Pezzullo
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • K.K. Gan, H. Kagan, S. Smith, J.D. Warner
    Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
  Funding: Project funded by AIDA project and the EU H2020 Research and Innovation programme, GA n. 654168.
In High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments, devices are required to withstand high radiation levels. As a result, detectors and electronics sitting in the inner detector layers must be irradiated to determine their radiation tolerance. To perform these irradiations, CERN built during LS1 a new irradiation facility in the East Area at the Proton Synchrotron (PS) accelerator. At this facility, named IRRAD, a high-intensity 24 GeV/c proton beam is used. During beam steering and irradiation, the intensity and the transverse profile of the proton beam are monitored online. The IRRAD Beam Profile Monitor (BPM) uses a set of four 39-channel pixel detectors constructed using thin foil copper pads positioned on a flex circuit. When protons pass through the copper pads, they induce a measurable current. To measure this current a new data acquisition system was designed as well as a new database and on-line display system. In this work, we present the design and the architecture of the IRRAD BPM system, some results on its performance with the proton beam, as well as its planned upgrades, including its utilization for monitoring irradiations with an intense 300MeV/c positive pion beam at PSI.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG75  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)