Keyword: diagnostics
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MOAL02 Diagnostics at the Max IV 3 GeV Storage Ring During Commissioning emittance, storage-ring, linac, dipole 1
  • Å. Andersson, J. Breunlin, B.N. Jensen, R. Lindvall, E. Mansten, D. Olsson, J. Sundberg, P.F. Tavares, S. Thorin
    MAX IV Laboratory, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
  The MAX IV 3 GeV storage ring based on a multibend achromat lattice allowing for horizontal emittances from 330 pm rad down to 180 pm rad, depending on the number of insertion devices. The diagnostics used during commissioning will be described, with emphasis on the emittance diagnostics This will involve two diagnostic beam lines to image the electron beam with infrared and ultraviolet synchrotron radiation from bending dipoles, in order to determine also beam energy spread. The scheme for horizontal emittance measurements looks promising also for an order of magnitude lower emittance. Bunch lengthening with harmonic cavities is essential for the low emittance machine performance. We have used a radiation based sampling technique to verify individual bunch distributions.  
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOAL02  
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MOBL02 First Experience with the Standard Diagnostics at the European XFEL Injector operation, gun, electron, electronics 14
  • D. Lipka, A. Affeldt, A. Awwad, N. Baboi, B. Barret, B. Beutner, F. Brinker, W. Decking, A. Delfs, M. Drewitsch, O. Frank, C. Gerth, V. Gharibyan, O. Hensler, M. Hoeptner, M. Holz, K.K. Knaack, F. Krivan, I. Krouptchenkov, J. Kruse, G. Kube, B. Lemcke, T. Lensch, J. Liebing, T. Limberg, B. Lorbeer, J. Lund-Nielsen, S.M. Meykopff, B. Michalek, J. Neugebauer, Re. Neumann, Ru. Neumann, D. Nölle, M. Pelzer, G. Petrosyan, Z. Pisarov, P. Pototzki, G. Priebe, K.R. Rehlich, D. Renner, V. Rybnikov, G. Schlesselmann, F. Schmidt-Föhre, M. Scholz, L. Shi, P.A. Smirnov, H. Sokolinski, C. Stechmann, M. Steckel, R. Susen, H. Tiessen, S. Vilcins, T. Wamsat, N. Wentowski, M. Werner, Ch. Wiebers, J. Wilgen, K. Wittenburg, R. Zahn, A. Ziegler
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • R. Baldinger, R. Ditter, B. Keil, W. Koprek, R. Kramert, G. Marinkovic, M. Roggli, M. Stadler, D.M. Treyer
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • A. Ignatenko
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • A. Kaukher
    XFEL. EU, Hamburg, Germany
  • O. Napoly, C. Simon
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  The injector of the European XFEL is in operation since December 2015. It includes, beside the gun and the accelerating section, containing 1.3 and a 3.9 GHz accelerating module, a variety of standard diagnostics systems specially designed for this facility. With very few exceptions, all types of diagnostics systems are installed in the injector. Therefore the operation of the injector is served to validate and prove the diagnostics characteristics for the complete European XFEL. Most of the standard diagnostics has been available for the start of beam operation and showed the evidence of first beam along the beam line. In the following months the diagnostics has been optimized and used for improvements of beam quality. First operational experiences and results from the standard beam diagnostics in the injector of the European XFEL will be reported in this contribution.  
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOBL02  
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MOPG10 BPM Stabiltiy Studies for the APS MBA Upgrade detector, ground-motion, vacuum, experiment 55
  • R.M. Lill, N. Sereno, B.X. Yang
    ANL, Argonne, Illinois, USA
  Funding: Work supported by U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.
The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is currently in the preliminary design phase for the multi -bend achromat (MBA) lattice upgrade. Beam stability is critical for the MBA and will require long term drift defined as beam motion over a seven-day timescale to be no more than 1 micron at the insertion device locations and beam angle change no more than 0.5 micro-radian. Mechanical stability of beam position monitor (BPM) pickup electrodes mounted on insertion device vacuum chambers place a fundamental limitation on long-term beam stability for insertion device beamlines. We present the design and implementation of using prototype mechanical motion system (MMS) instrumentation for quantifying this type of motion specifically in the APS accelerator tunnel and experiment hall floor under normal operating conditions. The MMS presently provides critical position information on the vacuum chamber and BPM support systems. Initial results of the R&D prototype systems have demonstrated that the chamber movements far exceed the long-term drift tolerance specified for the APS Upgrade MBA storage ring.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG10  
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MOPG14 The Use of Single-crystal CVD Diamond as a Position Sensitive X-ray Detector detector, synchrotron, photon, radiation 71
  • E. Griesmayer, P. Kavrigin, Ch. Weiss
    CIVIDEC Instrumentation, Wien, Austria
  • C. Bloomer
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  Synchrotron light sources generate intense beams of X-ray light for beamline experiments, and the stability of these X-ray beams has a large impact on the quality of the experiments that can be performed. User experiments increasingly utilise micro-focus techniques, focusing the X-ray beam size to below 10 microns at the sample point, with beamline detectors operating at kHz bandwidths. Thus, there is a demand for non-invasive diagnostic techniques that can reliably monitor the X-ray beam position with sub-micron accuracy in order to characterise X-ray beam motion, at corresponding kHz bandwidths. Reported in this paper are measurements from single-crystal CVD diamond detectors, and a comparison with the previous-generation of polycrystalline CVD diamond detectors is offered. Single-crystal diamond is shown to offer superior uniformity of response to incident X-rays, and excellent intensity and position sensitivity. Measurements from single-crystal diamond detectors installed at Diamond Light Source are presented, and their use in feedback routines in order to stabilise the X-ray beam at the sample point is discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG14  
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MOPG27 The Design, Construction and Operation of the Beam Instrumentation for the High Intensity and Energy Upgrade of ISOLDE at CERN detector, target, cryomodule, operation 101
  • W. Andreazza, E. Bravin, E.D. Cantero, S. Sadovich, A.G. Sosa, R. Veness
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J.M. Carmona, J.H. Galipienzo, P.N.G. Noguera Crespo
    AVS, Elgoibar, Spain
  The High Intensity and Energy (HIE) upgrade to the on-line isotope separation facility (ISOLDE) facility at CERN is currently in the process of being commissioned. The very tight space available between the superconducting acceleration cavities and a challenging specification led to the design of a compact 'diagnostic box' with a number of insertable instruments on a common vacuum chamber. The box was conceived in partnership with the engineering firm AVS and produced as a completed assembly in industry. 14 diagnostic boxes have been installed and are now operational. This paper will describe the design, the construction and first results from operation of these HIE ISOLDE diagnostic boxes.  
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MOPG29 Beam Diagnostics Design for a Compact Superconducting Cyclotron for Radioisotope Production cyclotron, operation, ion, ion-source 108
  • R. Varela, P. Abramian, J. Calero, P. Calvo, M.A. Domínguez, E.F. Estévez, L. García-Tabarés, D. Gavela, P. Gómez, A. Guirao, J.L. Gutiérrez, J.I. Lagares, D. López, L.M. Martínez, D. Obradors-Campos, C. Oliver, J.M. Pérez Morales, I. Podadera, F. Toral, C. Vázquez
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  Funding: Work supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, project FIS2013-40860-R.
The aim of the AMIT cyclotron is to deliver an 8.5 MeV, 10 μA CW proton beam to a target to produce radioisotopes for PET diagnostics. Such a small cyclotron poses some challenges to the diagnostics design due to its small size. Two sets of diagnostics have been designed, each one aiming at a different phase of the machine lifecycle. During normal operation the stripping foil and the target will be used to measure the current, a dual transverse profile monitor based on a scintillating screen and a Fluorescence Profile Monitor will measure the beam position and the transverse profile. During first stages of commissioning the dual transverse profile monitor and the target will be substituted by an emittance monitor based on a pepperpot. A movable interceptive Beam Probe will be located inside the cyclotron to give information about the beam during acceleration. Additionally, a test bench for the characterization of the beam right after the exit of the ion source has been built with different instruments to measure the beam current and the transverse profile. In this paper the present status of the design, simulation and tests of the diagnostics for the AMIT cyclotron are described.
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MOPG32 Beam Diagnostics for the Multi-MW Hadron Linac IFMIF/DONES target, beam-diagnostic, linac, SRF 111
  • I. Podadera, B. Brañas, A. Guirao, A. Ibarra, D. Jiménez-Rey, E. Molina Marinas, J. Mollá, C. Oliver, R. Varela
    CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain
  • P. Cara
    Fusion for Energy, Garching, Germany
  Funding: This work has been carried out within the framework of the EUROfusion Consortium and has received funding from the Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018 under grant agreement No 633053
In the frame of the material research for future fusion reactors, the construction of a simplified facility of IFMIF*, the so-called IFMIF/DONES** (Demo-Oriented Neutron Early Source), to generate sufficient material damage for the new design of DEMO . DONES will be a 40 MeV, 125 mA deuteron accelerator. The 5 MW beam will impact in a lithium flow target to yield a neutron source The detailed design of the DONES accelerator is being designed within EUROFUSION-WPENS project. One of the most critical tasks of the accelerator will be to identify the layout of beam diagnostics along the accelerator. This instrumentation must guarantee the high availability of the whole accelerator system and the beam characteristics and machine protection. This contribution will describe the beam diagnostics selected along the accelerator, focusing in the High Energy Beam Transport line, in charge of shaping the beam down to the high power target. The main open questions will be analyzed and the path to obtain the detailed design by the end of the project detailed.
*, IFMIF Intermediate Engineering Design Report
**, DONES Conceptual Design Report, April 2014
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG32  
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MOPG50 Deflecting Cavity Dynamics for Time-Resolved Machine Studies of SXFEL User Facility electron, FEL, cavity, simulation 169
  • M. Song, H.X. Deng, B. Liu, D. Wang
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  Radio frequency deflectors are widely used for time-resolved beam energy, emittance and radiation profile measurements in modern free electron laser facilities. Here, we present the beam dynamics aspects of the deflecting cavity of SXFEL user facility. With a targeted time resolution around 10 fs, it is expected to be an important tool for time-resolved machine studies for SXFEL user facility.  
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MOPG51 Electron Beam Longitudinal Diagnostic With Sub-Femtosecond Resolution laser, undulator, electron, cavity 173
  • G. Andonian, M.A. Harrison, F.H. O'Shea, A.G. Ovodenko
    RadiaBeam, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • J.P. Duris, J.B. Rosenzweig, N.S. Sudar
    UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
  • M.G. Fedurin, K. Kusche, I. Pogorelsky, M.N. Polyanskiy, C. Swinson
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • M.K. Weikum
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Ultra-short, high brightness electron beams, with applications to next generation light sources or advanced accelerators, require enhanced resolution of the longitudinal bunch properties to study effects such as the micro-bunching instability. In this paper, we describe a diagnostic that has the promise to achieve sub-femtosecond longitudinal resolution. The diagnostic employs a laser-electron beam interaction in an undulator magnet in tandem with a RF bunch deflecting cavity to impose a angular-longitudinal coordinate correlation on the bunch which is resolvable with standard optical systems. The fundamental underlying concepts of the diagnostic have been tested experimentally at the Brookhaven National Laboratory Accelerator Test Facility (BNL ATF) with the high-brightness electron beam and >100GW IR laser operating in the TEM10 mode. The results include a systematic study of the effects of this laser mode, and energy, on the beam angular projection. Initial runs from the x-band deflecting cavity will also be presented here.  
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MOPG53 Electron Beam Probe Diagnostic for BESSY II Storage Ring electron, synchrotron, simulation, gun 179
  • D. Malyutin, A.N. Matveenko
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  A low energy electron beam can be used to characterize the high energy ultra-relativistic bunches. This technique allows one to obtain the bunch transverse profiles as well as the bunch length within a non-destructive single shot measurement. In this paper the bunch length measurement technique based on the interaction of the low energy electron beam with an ultra-relativistic bunch is described. Results of numerical simulations of measurements related to BESSY II are presented. A possible setup of such diagnostic system for BESSY II and in future for BESSY VSR is proposed.  
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MOPG54 Laser-Based Beam Diagnostics for Accelerators and Light Sources laser, network, electron, emittance 183
  • C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 289191.
The Laser Applications at Accelerators network (LA≥NET) was selected for funding within the European Union's 7th Framework Programme. During its 4 year duration the project has successfully trained 19 Fellows and organized numerous events that were open to the wider laser and accelerator communities. The network linked research into lasers and accelerators to develop advanced particle sources, new accelerating schemes, and in particular beyond state-of-the-art beam diagnostics. This contribution summarizes the research results in laser-based beam diagnostics for accelerators and light sources. It discusses the achievable resolution of laser-based velocimeters to measure the velocity of particle beams, the resolution limits of bunch shape measurements using electro-optical crystals, position resolution of laser wire scanners, and limits in energy measurements using Compton backscattering at synchrotron light sources. Finally, it also provides a summary of past and future events organized by the network and shows how an interdisciplinary research program can provide comprehensive training to a cohort of early career researchers.
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MOPG56 Development of Accelerator System and Beam Diagnostic Instruments for Natural Rubber and Polymer Research electron, linac, beam-diagnostic, accelerating-gradient 190
  • E. Kongmon, N. Kangrang, S. Rimjaem, J. Saisut, C. Thongbai
    Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • M.W. Rhodes
    ThEP Center, Commission on Higher Education, Bangkok, Thailand
  • P. Wichaisirimongkol
    Chiang Mai University, Science and Technology Research Institute, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  This research aims to design and develop an elec-tron linear accelerator system and beam diagnostic instruments for natural rubber and polymer research at the Plasma and Beam Physics Research Facility, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. The accelerator con-sists of a DC thermionic electron gun and an S-band standing-wave linac. The system can produce electron beams with the energy range of 0.5 to 4 MeV for the pulse repetition rate of 30 to 200 Hz and the pulse duration of 4 μs. Commissioning of the accelerator system and development of beam diagnostic instru-ments to measure electron beam energy, electron pulse current and electron dose are underway. This contribu-tion presents and discusses on the RF commissioning progress as well as status of design and construction of the beam diagnostic system.  
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MOPG65 Frascati Beam-Test Facility (BTF) High Resolution Beam Spot Diagnostics detector, electron, real-time, software 221
  • P. Valente
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • B. Buonomo, D.G.C. Di Giulio, L.G. Foggetta
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  Funding: Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare. Supported by the H2020 project AIDA-2020, GA no. 654168
The DAΦNE Beam Test Facility (BTF) is operational in Frascati since 2003. In the last years the beam diagnostics tools have been completely renewed and the services for users have been largely improved. We describe here the new transverse beam diagnostics based on new GEM TPC detectors and MEDIPIX Silicon pixel detectors, the renewed DAQ system and the data caching system based on MEMCACHED and the integration of the new sub-systems in the new data-logging. Results on the optimization of the transverse beam spot and divergence are reported as well as the real-time diagnostics and feedback user experience.
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MOPG69 Study of YAG Exposure Time for LEReC RF Diagnostic Beamline electron, simulation, radiation, kicker 233
  • S. Seletskiy, T.A. Miller, P. Thieberger
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  The LEReC RF diagnostic beamline is supposed to ac-cept 250 us long bunch trains of 1.6 MeV ' 2.6 MeV (kinetic energy) electrons. This beamline is equipped with a YAG profile monitor. Since we are interested in observ-ing only the last bunch in the train, one of the possibilities is to install a fast kicker and a dedicated dump upstream of the YAG screen and related diagnostic equipment. This approach is expensive and challenging from an engineer-ing point of view. Another possibility is to send the whole bunch train to the YAG screen and to use a fast gated camera to observe the image from the last bunch only. In this paper we demonstrate the feasibility of the last ap-proach, which significantly simplifies the overall design of the RF diagnostic beamline.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG69  
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MOPG72 Diagnostic Test-Beam-Line for the Injector of MESA laser, emittance, cathode, electron 244
  • I. Alexander, K. Aulenbacher
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  Funding: Work supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG) under the Cluster of Excellence PRISMA
For the planed Mainzer Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator (MESA) at the Johannes Gutenberg-University in Mainz a diagnostic test-beam-line has been build up. The beam-line comprises three analyzing stations to investigate space charge caused transverse emittance growth of an 100 keV electron beam. To create the electron bunches two different rf syncronized laser diodes (405 nm & 520 nm) are used. Furthermore, a circular deflecting cavity allows to measure the longitudinal bunch intensity profile. The components and the latest results will be described and an outlook towards further applications will be given.
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MOPG73 Transverse Beam Size Diagnostics using Brownian Nanoparticles at ALBA radiation, synchrotron, scattering, synchrotron-radiation 248
  • M. Siano, B. Paroli, M.A.C. Potenza
    Universita' degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Milano, Italy
  • A. Goldblatt, S. Mazzoni, G. Trad
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • U. Iriso, A.A. Nosych, L. Torino
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  In this work we describe a novel beam diagnostic method based on coherence characterization of broad-spectrum bending magnet radiation through the Heterodyne Near Field Scattering (HNFS) technique. HNFS is a self-referencing technique based on the interference between the transmitted beam and the spherical waves scattered by each particle of a colloidal suspension. The resulting single-particle interferogram shows circular fringes modulated by the spatio-temporal Complex Coherence Factor (CCF) of the radiation. Superposition of a number of these patterns results in a stochastic speckle field, from which spatial and temporal coherence information of the source can be retrieved in near field conditions. Here we describe the basics of this technique, the experimental setup mounted along the hard X-ray pinhole at the ALBA synchrotron light source, and the possibility of transverse electron beam size retrieval from the spatial coherence function of the emitted dipole radiation. We also show preliminary results concerning power spectral density of visible synchrotron radiation as obtained from temporal coherence.  
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MOPG79 Scintillating Screens Investigations with Proton Beams at 30 keV and 3 MeV proton, ion, ion-source, electron 273
  • C. Simon, F. Harrault, F. Senée, O. Tuske
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  • P. Ausset
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • E. Bordas, F. Leprêtre, Y. Serruys
    CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • J. Fils
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  Luminescent screens hit by accelerated charged particle beams are commonly used as beam diagnostics to produce a visible emitted light, which can be sensed by a camera. In order to investigate the characteristics of the luminescence response of several scintillators, the beam shape and the observation of the transverse position, experiments were done with different low intensity proton beams produced by two different test benches. This study is motivated by the need to identify scintilla-tor materials for the development of a 4-dimensional emittancemeter which will allow the characterization of the beams, in particular the emittance measurement (size, angular divergence). This paper describes the experimental setups and our investigations of the optical properties of various scintillating materials at two different proton beam energies respectively about 30 keV and 3 MeV. The light produced by these screens is characterized by yield, flux of the emitted light versus the beam intensity, time response, and long life-time and they are compared.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-MOPG79  
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TUPG03 Accurate Bunch Resolved BPM System storage-ring, operation, FPGA, detector 311
  • F. Falkenstern, F. Hoffmann, J. Kuszynski, M. Ries
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  Operation with multiple beams stored on different orbits in storage rings as well as beam dynamics studies requires accurate and stable Beam Position Monitor (BPM) measurements for each individual bunch. Analog BPM systems are usually optimized for measuring the closed orbit, i.e. averaging over all buckets and many turns. Therefore no information about the position of individual bunches are supplied. The new bunch resolved BPM electronic, currently under development at HZB, is based on the analysis of RF-signals delivered by a set of four stripline / pick-up electrodes in each beam position monitor. It has a high spatial resolution over a wide range of bunch currents. Using the four well matched (phase and amplitude) bunch induced RF-signals in combination with a low jitter master clock and commercial data acquisition cards allow beam position measurements on a bunch to bunch basis with micrometer resolution. Experimental results obtained at BESSY II and MLS demonstrates the achieved performance of the setup and will be discussed in detail.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG03  
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TUPG23 Use CR-39 Plastic Dosimeters for Beam Ion Halo Measurements detector, proton, linac, software 376
  • I. Eliyahu, A. Cohen, E. Daniely, B. Kaizer, A. Kreisler, A. Perry, A. Shor, L. Weissman
    Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel
  Beam halo and growth of beam emittance are important issues for high-intensity linear accelerators. Beam-dynamic predictions of weak beam tails are usually not reliable due to complexity of the non-linear effects leading to halo formation. Therefore, development of a simple method for beam halo diagnostics is highly desirable. The first testing of CR-39 solid-state nuclear track dosimeters for beam halo measurement were performed at the SARAF phase I accelerator with a few MeV proton beams. Beam pulses of 90 nA peak intensity of shortest possible duration (15 ns) were used for direct irradiation of standard CR-39 personal dosimetry tags. Other irradiations were done with beam pulses of 200 ns duration and of 1 mA peak intensity. Specially prepared large area CR-39 plates with central hole for the beam core transport were used in these tests. Weak beam structures were clearly observed in the both types of irradiation. The tests showed feasibility of beam halo measurements down to resolution level of a single proton. The optimum CR-39 etching conditions were established. The advantages and drawback of the method are discussed.  
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TUPG27 Beam Diagnostics for Medical Accelerators proton, detector, ion, network 387
  • C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska Curie grant agreement No 675265.
The Optimization of Medical Accelerators (OMA) is the aim of a new European Training Network that has received 4 ME of funding within the Horizon 2020 Programme of the European Union. OMA joins universities, research centers and clinical facilities with industry partners to address the challenges in treatment facility design and optimization, numerical simulations for the development of advanced treatment schemes, and beam imaging and treatment monitoring. This contribution presents an overview of the network's research into beam diagnostics and imaging. This includes investigations into applying detector technologies originally developed for high energy physics experiments (such as VELO, Medipix) for medical applications; integration of prompt gamma cameras in the clinical workflow; identification of optimum detector configurations and materials for high resolution spectrometers for proton therapy and radiography; ultra-low charge beam current monitors and diagnostics for cell studies using proton beams. It also summarizes the network-wide training program consisting of Schools, Topical Workshops and Conferences that will be open to the wider medical and accelerator communities.
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-TUPG27  
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TUPG28 Accelerator Optimization Through Beam Diagnostics cavity, network, ion, beam-diagnostic 391
  • C.P. Welsch
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 289485.
A comprehensive set of beam diagnostics is key to the successful operation and optimization of essentially any accelerator. The oPAC project received 6 M€ of funding within the EU's 7th Framework Programme. This has allowed to successfully train 23 Fellows since 2011. The network joins more than 40 institutions from all around the world, including research centers, universities and private companies. One of the project's largest work packages covers research in beam diagnostics. This includes advanced instrumentation for synchrotron light sources and medical accelerators, enhanced beam loss monitoring technologies, ultra-low emittance beam size diagnostics, diagnostics for high intensity beams, as well as the development of electronics for beam position monitors. This contribution presents an overview of the research outcomes from the diagnostics work package and the demonstrated performance of each monitor. It also shows how collaborative research helps achieving beyond state-of-the-art solutions and acts as an ideal basis for researcher training. Finally, an overview of the scientific events the network has been organizing for the wider accelerator community is given.
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TUPG33 Beam Diagnostics at Siam Photon Source storage-ring, photon, kicker, synchrotron 410
  • P. Klysubun, S. Klinkhieo, S. Kongtawong, S. Krainara, T. Pulampong, P. Sudmuang, N. Suradet
    SLRI, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
  In recent years the beam diagnostics and instrumenta-tion of Siam Photon Source (SPS), Thailand synchro-tron radiation facility, have been significantly improved for both the booster synchrotron and the 1.2 GeV stor-age ring. Additional diagnostics have been designed, fabricated, and installed, and the existing systems have been upgraded. This paper describes the current status of the beam diagnostics at SPS, as well as their respec-tive performances. These systems include beam posi-tion monitors (BPMs), a diagnostics beamline, beam loss monitors (BLMs), real-time tune measurement setups, and others. Apart from the instrument hardware, the acquisition electronics along with the processing software have been improved as well. The details of these upgrades are reported herewith.  
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TUPG34 First Results from the IPHI Beam Instrumentation operation, proton, rfq, beam-diagnostic 413
  • P. Ausset, M. Ben Abdillah, S. Berthelot, C. Joly, J. Lesrel, J.-F. Yaniche
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • D. Bogard, B. Pottin, D. Uriot
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  I.P.H.I. is a High Intensity Proton Injector (C.N.R.S/I.N.2P.3; C.E.A./Irfu and C.E.R.N. collaboration) located at Saclay and now on operation. An E.C.R. source produces a 100 keV, 100 mA C.W. proton beams which will be accelerated at 3 MeV by a 4 vanes R.F.Q. operating at 352.2 MHz. Finally, a High Energy Beam Transport Line (H.E.B.T.) delivers the beam to a beam stopper. The HEBT is equipped with appropriate beam diagnostics to carry beam current, centroid beam transverse position, transverse beam profiles, beam energy and energy spread measurements for the commissioning of I.P.H.I. These beam diagnostics operate under both pulsed and C.W. operation. However transverse beam profile measurements are acquired under low duty factor pulsed beam operation using a slow wire scanner. The beam instrumentation of the H.E.B.T. is reviewed and the first measurements at 3 MeV are described.  
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TUPG38 A PPS Compliant Stored Beam Current Monitor at NSLS-II operation, storage-ring, PLC, monitoring 426
  • A. Caracappa, C. Danneil, A.J. Della Penna, R.P. Fliller, D. Padrazo, O. Singh
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  A requirement for top-off operations at the NSLS-II facility is at least 50mA stored ring current. The Stored Beam Current Monitor (SBCM) is part of the NSLS-II Personnel Protection System (PPS) that determines the storage ring current based on Pick-Up Electrode (PUE) readings. The SBCM selects the 500 MHz component of the PUE signal and downconverts it to about 2 MHz. The 2 MHz signal is rectified, averaged down to a bandwidth of 500 Hz, and compared to a threshold voltage equivalent to 55mA of stored beam. A redundant SBCM system was also constructed and these two systems must agree that the stored beam is above the threshold to enable top-off operations. The SBCM is also required to remain accurate over wide range of possible bunch patterns and bunch intensity distributions. Under normal conditions for top-off operations the SBCM measurement accuracy is about 1%. The SBCM was commissioned in 2015 as part of the Top-Off Safety System (TOSS) which is responsible for ensuring safe top-off operations at NSLS-II.  
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TUPG56 Design of a Time-resolved Electron Diagnostics Using THz Fields Excited in a Split Ring Resonator at FLUTE electron, simulation, laser, gun 475
  • M. Yan, E. Bründermann, S. Funkner, A.-S. Müller, M.J. Nasse, G. Niehues, R. Ruprecht, M. Schedler, T. Schmelzer, M. Schuh, M. Schwarz, B. Smit
    KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • M.M. Dehler, N. Hiller, R. Ischebeck, V. Schlott
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • T. Feurer, M. Hayati
    Universität Bern, Institute of Applied Physics, Bern, Switzerland
  Time-resolved electron diagnostics with ultra-high temporal resolution is increasingly required by the state-of-the-art accelerators. Strong terahertz (THz) fields, excited in a split ring resonator (SRR), have been recently proposed to streak electron bunches for their temporal characterisation. Thanks to the high amplitude and frequency of the THz field, temporal resolution down to the sub-femtosecond range can be expected. We are planning a proof-of-principle experiment of the SRR time-resolved diagnostics at the accelerator test-facility FLUTE (Ferninfrarot Linac und Test Experiment) at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. The design of the experimental chamber has been finished and integrated into the design layout of the FLUTE accelerator. Beam dynamics simulations have been conducted to investigate and optimise the performance of the SRR diagnostics. In this paper, we present the design layout of the experimental setup and discuss the simulation results for the optimised parameters of the accelerator and the SRR structure.  
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TUPG57 5 MeV Beam Diagnostics at the Mainz Energy-Recovering Superconducting Accelerator MESA cavity, dipole, detector, beam-diagnostic 479
  • S. Heidrich, K. Aulenbacher
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  Within the next few years a new energy recovering superconducting electron accelerator will be built at the institute for nuclear physics in Mainz. To adjust the properties of the beam correctly to the first acceleration in the superconducting cavities, a high resolution longitudinal beam diagnosis is required at the 5 MeV injection arc. The system employs two 90-degree vertical deflection dipoles to achieve an energy resolution of 500 eV and a phase resolution of 60 micrometers. As a second challenge the transverse emittance measurements will take place at full beam current. This demands an extremely heat resistant diagnosis system, realized by a method similar to flying wire.  
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TUPG59 Bunch Extension Monitor for LINAC of SPIRAL2 Project linac, ion, detector, positron 486
  • R.V. Revenko, J.L. Vignet
    GANIL, Caen, France
  A semi-interceptive monitor for bunch shape measure-ment has been developed for the LINAC of SPIRAL2. A Bunch Extension Monitor (BEM) is based on the registra-tion of X-rays emitted by the interaction of the beam ions with a thin tungsten wire. The time difference between detected X-rays and accelerating RF gives information about distribution of beam particles along the time axis. These monitors will be installed inside diagnostic boxes on the first five warm sections of the LINAC. The monitor consists of two parts: X-ray detector and mechanical system for positioning the tungsten wire into the beam. Emitted X-rays are registered by microchannel plates with fast readout. Signal processing is performed with constant fraction discriminators and TAC coupled with MCA. Results of bunch shape measurements obtained during commissioning of RFQ for SPIRAL2 are presented.  
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TUPG62 X-Ray Smith-Purcell Radiation for Non-Invasive Submicron Diagnostics of Electron Beams Having TeV Energy radiation, target, electron, plasma 494
  • A.A. Tishchenko, D.Yu. Sergeeva
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  We present the general theory of X-ray Smith-Purcell radiation from ultrarelativistic beams proceeding from our earlier results. The theory covers also the case of oblique incidence of the beam to the target, which leads to the conical effect in spatial distribution of Smith-Purcell radiation and allows one to count the divergence of the beam; also, the analytical description of the incoherent form-factor of the beam is given.  
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TUPG67 Recent Results From New Station for Optical Observation of Electron Beam Parameters at KCSR Storage Ring electron, synchrotron, storage-ring, vacuum 508
  • O.I. Meshkov, V.M. Borin, A.D. Khilchenko, A.I. Kotelnikov, A.N. Kvashnin, L.M. Schegolev, A.N. Zhuravlev, E.I. Zinin, P.V. Zubarev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • V.L. Dorokhov
    BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • V. Korchuganov, G. Kovachev, D.G. Odintsov, A.I. Stirin, Yu.F. Tarasov, A.G. Valentinov, A.V. Zabelin
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
  New station for optical observation of electron beam parameters is being designed at KCSR SIBERIA-2 storage ring in collaboration with Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, Russia. For the purpose of easy operation, control and alignment, the new station is located outside the shielding wall of the storage ring. The station serves for the automatic measurement of electron bunches transverse and longitudinal sizes with the use of SR visible spectrum in one-bunch and multi-bunch modes; the study of individual electron bunches behavior in time with changing accelerator parameters; the precise measurement of betatron and synchrotron oscillations frequency. The station contains the set of diagnostics: double-slit interferometer, CCD camera, optical dissector, TV camera and two linear avalanche photodiodes arrays. New optical observation station meets the requirements of accelerator physics experiments and experiments with the use of SR related to the knowledge of exact parameters of separate electron bunches. The recent experimental results obtained with the diagnostics are described.  
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TUPG74 Spot Size Measurements in the ELI-NP Compton Gamma Source target, linac, optics, radiation 532
  • F. Cioeta, E. Chiadroni, G. Di Pirro, G. Franzini, V. Shpakov, A. Stella, A. Variola
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • A. Cianchi
    INFN-Roma II, Roma, Italy
  • M. Marongiu
    INFN-Roma, Roma, Italy
  • A. Mostacci, L. Palumbo
    University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
  A high brightness electron Linac is being built in the Compton Gamma Source at the ELI Nuclear Physics facility in Romania. To achieve the design luminosity, a train of 32, 16 ns spaced, bunches with a nominal charge of 250 pC will collide with the laser beam in the interaction point. Electron beam spot size is measured with an OTR (optical transition radiation) profile monitors. In order to measure the beam properties, the optical radiation detecting system must have the necessary accuracy and resolution. This paper deals with the studies of different optic configurations to achieve the magnification, resolution and accuracy desired considering design and technological constraints; we will compare several configurations of the optical detection line to justify the one chosen for the implementation in the Linac.  
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TUPG76 Performance Studies of Industrial CCD Cameras Based on Signal-To-Noise and Photon Transfer Measurements photon, electron, detector, background 540
  • G. Kube
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Taking advantage of the rapid development and the huge market for commercial available optical sensors, in the past years optical measuring techniques took on greater significance. Nowadays, area scan CCD or CMOS sensors are widely used for beam profile diagnostics. They provide the full two-dimensional information about the particle beam distribution, allowing in principle to investigate shot-to-shot profile fluctuations at moderate repetition rates. In order to study the performance and to characterize these cameras, photon transfer is a widely applied popular and valuable testing methodology. In this contribution, studies based on signal-to-noise and photon transfer measurements are presented for CCD cameras which are in use for beam profile diagnostics at different DESY accelerators.  
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TUPG79 LANSCE Isotope Production Facility Emittance Measurement System emittance, controls, isotope-production, hardware 548
  • J.D. Sedillo, D. Baros, J.F. O'Hara, L. Rybarcyk, R.A. Valicenti, H.A. Watkins
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  A new beam diagnostic system for emittance measurement is under development for the Isotope Production Facility (IPF) beamline located at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). This system consists of two axes; each composed of a harp and slit actuation system for measuring the emittance of 41, 72, and 100-MeV proton beam energies. System design details and project status will be discussed with installation and commissioning of this system scheduled to conclude by February 2017.  
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WEAL01 Longitudinal Diagnostics Methods and Limits for Hadron Linacs linac, cavity, space-charge, simulation 563
  • A.P. Shishlo, A.V. Aleksandrov
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by UT-Battelle, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC0500OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States Govern-ment retains and the publisher,
A summary of the longitudinal diagnostics for linacs is presented based on the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) linac example. It includes acceptance phase scans, Bunch Shape Monitors (BSM), and a method based on the analysis of the stripline Beam Position Monitors (BPM) signals. The last method can deliver the longitudinal Twiss parameters of the beam. The accuracy, applicability, and limitations of this method are presented and discussed.
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WEAL03 Diagnostic Data Acquisition Strategies at FRIB hardware, FPGA, software, data-acquisition 572
  • S. Cogan, S.M. Lidia, R.C. Webber
    FRIB, East Lansing, USA
  Funding: This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661, the State of Michigan and Michigan State University.
Strategies for data acquisition and processing will be discussed in the context of the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB). Design decisions include selecting and designing electronics hardware, data acquisition cards, firmware design, and how to integrate with EPICS control system. With over 300 diagnostic devices and 16 unique types of devices, timing for synchronous data acquisition is important. Strategies to accelerate development as well as reduce maintenance requirements will be dis-cussed, including using common hardware and firmware whenever possible, and defining a common data report-ing structure for use by most devices. MicroTCA.4 plat-form is used to integrate data acquisition cards, distribute timing information, and machine protection signals.
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WEBL01 Beam Diagnostics Challenges for Beam Dynamics Studies optics, emittance, linac, quadrupole 577
  • O.R. Jones
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  This presentation will review the performance and limitations of present beam instrumentation in relation to beam dynamics studies, and give an overview of the main requirements from the accelerator physics community for new or improved measurements that need R&D effort from the beam diagnostics side.  
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WEBL04 The New Optical Device for Turn to Turn Beam Profile Measurement electron, storage-ring, betatron, positron 593
  • V.L. Dorokhov
    BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • A.D. Khilchenko, A.I. Kotelnikov, A.N. Kvashnin, O.I. Meshkov, P.V. Zubarev
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • V. Korchuganov, A.I. Stirin, A.G. Valentinov
    NRC, Moscow, Russia
  The electron beam quality determines the main synchrotron radiation characteristics therefore beam diagnostics is of great importance for synchrotron radiation source performance. The real-time processing of the electron beam parameters is a necessary procedure to optimize the key characteristics of the source using feedback loops. The frequency of electron beam cycling in the synchrotron storage ring is about 1 MHz. In multi-bunch mode electrons are grouped into a series of bunches. The bunch repetition frequency depends on the total number of bunches and usually reaches hundreds of MHz. The actual problem is to study the separate bunch dimensions behavior under multi-bunch beam instabilities. To solve this problem a turn-to-turn electron beam profile monitor is developed for Siberia-2 synchrotron light source. The linear avalanche photodiodes array is applied to imaging. The apparatus is able to record a transversal profile of selected bunches and analyze the dynamics of beam during 106 turns. The recent experimental results obtained with the diagnostics are described.  
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WEPG11 Operation of the Beam Position Monitor for the Spiral 2 Linac on the Test Bench of the RFQ electronics, linac, operation, rfq 642
  • P. Ausset, M. Ben Abdillah, F. Fournier
    IPN, Orsay, France
  • S.K. Bharade, G. Joshi, P.D. Motiwala
    BARC, Trombay, Mumbai, India
  • R. Ferdinand, D.T. Touchard
    GANIL, Caen, France
  The SPIRAL2 project is based on a multi-beam superconducting LINAC designed to accelerate 5 mA deuteron beams up to 40 MeV, proton beams up to 33 MeV and 1 mA light and heavy ions (Q/A = 1/3) up to 14.5 MeV/A. The accurate tuning of the LINAC is essential for the operation of SPIRAL2 and requires measurement of the beam transverse position, the phase of the beam with respect to the radiofrequency voltage, the ellipticity of the beam and the beam energy with the help of Beam Position Monitor (BPM) system. The commissioning of the RFQ gave us the opportunity to install a BPM sensor, associated with its electronics, mounted on a test bench. The test bench is a D-plate fully equipped with a complete set of beam diagnostic equipment in order to characterize as completely as possible the beam delivered by the RFQ and to gain experience with the behavior of these diagnostics under beam operation. This paper addresses the first measurements carried with the BPM on the D-plate: intensity, phase, transverse position and ellipticity under 750 keV proton beam operation  
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WEPG25 Beam Diagnostics for Charge and Position Measurements in ELI-NP GBS linac, cavity, electron, electronics 682
  • G. Franzini, F. Cioeta, O. Coiro, D. Pellegrini, M. Serio, A. Stella, A. Variola
    INFN/LNF, Frascati (Roma), Italy
  • A. Mostacci, S. Tocci
    University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy
  The advanced source of Gamma-ray photons to be built in Bucharest (Romania), as part of the ELI-NP European Research Infrastructure, will generate photons by Compton back-scattering in the collision between a multi-bunch electron beam and a high intensity recirculated laser pulse. An S-Band photoinjector and the following C-band Linac at a maximum energy of 720MeV, under construction by an European consortium (EurogammaS) led by INFN, will operate at 100Hz repetition rate with trains of 32 electron bunches, separated by 16ns and a 250pC nominal charge. The different BPMs and current transformers used to measure transverse beam position and charge along the LINAC are described. Design criteria, production status and bench test results of the charge and position pickups are reported in the paper, together with the related data acquisition systems.  
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WEPG31 Upgrades to the LANSCE Isotope Production Facilities Beam Diagnostics electronics, isotope-production, data-acquisition, target 690
  • H.A. Watkins, D. Baros, D. Martinez, L. Rybarcyk, J.D. Sedillo, R.A. Valicenti
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy. Contract No. DE-AC52-06NA25396
The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is currently upgrading the beam diagnostics capability for the Isotope Production Facility (IPF) as part of an Accelerator Improvement Project (AIP). Improvements to measurements of: beam profile, beam energy, beam current and collimator charge are under development. Upgrades include high density harps, emittance slits, wire-scanners, multi-segment adjustable collimator, data acquisition electronics and motion control electronics. These devices will be installed and commissioned for the 2017 run cycle. Details of the hardware design and system development are presented.
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WEPG42 Energy and Longitudinal Bunch Measurements at the SPIRAL2 RFQ Exit proton, rfq, electron, ion 723
  • C. Jamet, W.LC. Le Coz, G. Ledu, S. Loret, C. Potier de courcy
    GANIL, Caen, France
  A new step of the SPIRAL2 commissioning started in December 2015 with the acceleration of a first proton beam at the RFQ exit. A test bench, with all the different diagnostics which will be used on the SPIRAL2 accelerator, was installed directly after the first rebuncher of the MEBT line in order to qualify beams but also to test and make reliable the diagnostic monitors. In 2016, different ion beams are qualified by the diagnostic test bench. This paper describes the results of the energy measurements done by a Time of Flight monitor and the longitudinal measurements using a fast faraday cup.  
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WEPG46 KALYPSO: A Mfps Linear Array Detector for Visible to NIR Radiation detector, laser, electron, real-time 740
  • L. Rota, B.M. Balzer, M. Caselle, A.-S. Müller, M.J. Nasse, G. Niehues, P. Schönfeldt, M. Weber
    KIT, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
  • C. Gerth, B. Steffen
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • N. Hiller, A. Mozzanica
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • D.R. Makowski, A. Mielczarek
    TUL-DMCS, Łódź, Poland
  Funding: This work is partially funded by the BMBF contract number: 05K16VKA.
The acquisition rate of commercially available line array detectors is a bottleneck for beam diagnostics at high-repetition rate machines like synchrotron lightsources or FELs with a quasi-continuous or macro-pulse operation. In order to remove this bottleneck we have developed KALYPSO, an ultra-fast linear array detector operating at a frame-rate of up to 2.7 Mfps. The KALYPSO detector mounts InGaAs or Si linear array sensors to measure radiation in the near-infrared or visible spectrum. The FPGA-based read-out card can be connected to an external data acquisition system through a high-performance PCI-Express 3.0 data-link, allowing continuous data taking and real-time data analysis. The detector is fully synchronized with the timing system of the accelerator and other diagnostic instruments. The detector is currently installed at several accelerators: ANKA, the European XFEL and TELBE. We present the detector and the results obtained with Electro-Optical Spectral Decoding (EOSD) setups.
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WEPG48 A THz Driven Transverse Deflector for Femtosecond Longitudinal Profile Diagnostics electron, laser, vacuum, acceleration 748
  • S.P. Jamison, E.W. Snedden, D.A. Walsh
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.J. Cliffe, D.M. Graham, D. Lake
    The University of Manchester, The Photon Science Institute, Manchester, United Kingdom
  Progress towards a THz-driven transverse deflecting longitudinal profile diagnostic is presented. The deflector is driven with sub-picosecond quasi-single cycle THz fields generated by non-linear optical rectification. To utilize the large deflection field strength of the source for longitudinal diagnostics it is necessary to maintain the single-cycle field profile of the THz pulse throughout the interaction with the relativistic beam. Our scheme allows for the octave spanning bandwidth of the single-cycle pulses to propagate without dispersion at subluminal velocities matched to co-propagating relativistic electrons, by passing the pulse distortion and group-carrier walk-off limitations of dielectric loaded waveguide structure. The phase velocity is readily tuneable, both above and below the speed of light in a vacuum, and single-cycle propagation of deflecting fields at velocities down to 0.77c have been demonstrated.  
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WEPG49 A High Resolution Single-Shot Longitudinal Profile Diagnostic Using Electro-Optic Transposition laser, electron, optics, real-time 752
  • D.A. Walsh, S.P. Jamison, E.W. Snedden
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • T. Lefèvre
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Funding: This work was funded by CERN through contract KE1866/DG/CLIC and carried out at STFC Daresbury Laboratory.
Electro-Optic Transposition (EOT) is the basis for an improved longitudinal bunch profile diagnostic we are developing in ASTeC as part of the CLIC UK research program. The scheme consists of transposing the Cou-lomb field profile of an electron bunch into the intensity envelope of an optical pulse via the mixing processes that occur between a CW laser probe and Coulomb field in an electro-optic material. This transposed optical pulse can then be amplified and characterised using robust laser techniques ' in this case chirped pulse optical parametric amplification and frequency resolved optical gating, allowing the Coulomb field to be recovered. EOT is an improvement over existing techniques in terms of the achievable resolution which is limited by the EO material response itself, reduced complexity of the laser system required since nanosecond rather than femtosecond lasers are used, and insensitivity of the system to bunch-laser arrival time jitter due to using a nanosecond long probe. We present results showing the retrieval of a THz pulse (Coulomb field stand-in) which confirms the principle behind the EOT system.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG49  
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WEPG53 Unambiguous Electromagnetic Pulse Retrieval Through Frequency Mixing Interference in Frequency Resolved Optical Gating radiation, electron, laser, framework 767
  • E.W. Snedden, S.P. Jamison, D.A. Walsh
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • S.P. Jamison
    The University of Manchester, The Photon Science Institute, Manchester, United Kingdom
  We demonstrate a method for full and unambiguous temporal characterization of few-cycle electromagnetic pulses, including retrieval of the carrier envelope phase (CEP), in which the interference between non-linear frequency mixing components is spectrally resolved using Frequency Resolved Optical Gating (FROG). We term this process Real-Domain FROG (ReD-FROG) and demonstrate its capabilities through the complete measurement of the temporal profile of a single-cycle THz pulse. When applied at THz frequencies ReD-FROG overcomes the bandwidth limitations relating probe and test pulses in Electro-Optic (EO) sampling. The approach can however be extended generally to any frequency range and we provide a conceptual demonstration of the CEP retrieval of few-cycle optical field.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG53  
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WEPG57 Single-Shot THz Spectrometer for Bunch Length Measurements detector, radiation, electron, alignment 782
  • S.V. Kutsaev, A.Y. Murokh, M. Ruelas, H.L. To
    RadiaBeam Systems, Santa Monica, California, USA
  • V. Goncharik
    Logicware Inc, New York, USA
  Funding: This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of High Energy Physics, under contract DE-SC0013684
We present a new diagnostics instrument designed to measure bunch length in RF particle accelerators. Typically, scanning-type Michelson or Martin-Puplett interferometers are used to measure the coherent radiation from a short bunch. However, they require averaging over several shots over several minutes, thus being able to report only the average bunch length. We propose to measure the emitted coherent spectrum of a short bunch emission that contains the same spectral information as the bunch shape by means of single-shot spectrometry. In this paper we present design considerations, and first experimental results obtained at FACET for the instrument that allows shot-to-shot measurement of the emitted spectrum.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG57  
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WEPG62 Incoherent and Coherent Polarization Radiation as Instrument of the Transversal Beam Size Diagnostics radiation, polarization, factory, target 792
  • D.Yu. Sergeeva, M.N. Strikhanov, A.A. Tishchenko
    MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
  Polarization radiation, which includes diffraction radiation (DR), transition radiation (TR), Smith-Purcell radiation, and others, can be a good instrument for beam diagnostics. All information about the beam size is contained in the so-called form-factor of the beam. The form-factor represents the sum of two parts corresponding to the coherent and incoherent radiation*. Contrary to the general opinion the incoherent part does not always equal unity*, **. In this report we give theoretical description of the incoherent and coherent parts of the form-factor both for Gaussian and uniform distribution of the ultrarelativistic particles in the bunch*, ***. The theory constructed describes also the case of beam skimming the target, which leads to mixing of DR and TR***. We show that the incoherent part depends on the transversal size of the beam, and dependence differs for different distributions. The role of the incoherent part of the form-factor of the bunch for different parameters is discussed.
* D.Yu. Sergeeva, A.A. Tishchenko et al., NIM B (2013)
** J.H. Brownell et al., PRE (1998); G. Doucas et al., PR STAB (2002)
*** A.A. Tishchenko, D.Yu. Sergeeva et al., Vacuum (2016)
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG62  
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WEPG71 3D Density Scans of a Supersonic Gas Jet for Beam Profile Monitoring ion, timing, electron, operation 815
  • H.D. Zhang, V. Tzoganis, C.P. Welsch, W. Widmann
    Cockcroft Institute, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • V. Tzoganis, C.P. Welsch, W. Widmann, H.D. Zhang
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  Funding: STFC Cockcroft and EU under GA 215080.
A beam profile monitor based on a supersonic gas jet was successfully tested at the Cockcroft Institute. This monitor can be used for a large variety of beams over a large energy range, including high intensity/high energy beams with large destructive power which make the use of many commonly used diagnostics impossible, and beams with a short life time which require minimum interference of the diagnostics. The achievable resolution of this type of monitor depends on the jet thickness and homogeneity. Detailed knowledge of the jet density profile is hence of high importance. In this contribution we present how a moveable vacuum gauge was successfully used to investigate the 3D density distribution of the jet. We compare the experimental data to results from simulations and discuss how the findings can help further improve of the overall jet design.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG71  
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WEPG76 Status of the Two-Dimensional Synchrotron Radiation Interferometer at PETRA III emittance, radiation, synchrotron, controls 829
  • A.I. Novokshonov, A. Potylitsyn
    TPU, Tomsk, Russia
  • G. Kube, M. Pelzer, G. Priebe
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Synchrotron radiation based emittance diagnostics at modern 3rd generation light sources is mainly based on beam profile imaging in the X-ray region in order to overcome the resolution limit imposed by diffraction. A possibility to circumvent this limitation is to probe the spatial coherence with a double-slit interferometer in the optical spectral region [*]. The light source PETRA III at DESY is using this type of interferometer since several years in order to resolve vertical emittances of about 10 pm.rad. The device is set up behind a 30m long optical beamline, connecting the accelerator tunnel and the optical hutch. In order to increase the measurement stability, a much shorter optical beamline with reduced number of optical elements was recently commissioned. At the end of the beamline, a two-dimensional interferometer was installed which allows to deduce transverse emittances in both planes simultaneously. This contribution summarizes the status of beamline and interferometer commissioning together with model calculations in order to investigate systematically the measurement accuracy.
*T. Mitsuhashi, "Twelve Years of SR Monitor Development", 2004 Beam Instrumentation Workshop, 2014, pp. 5-11.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG76  
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WEPG80 Optical Effects in High Resolution and High Dynamic Range Beam Imaging Systems electron, optics, background, radiation 844
  • J. Wolfenden, R.B. Fiorito, C.P. Welsch
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • M. Bergamaschi, R. Kieffer, T. Lefèvre, S. Mazzoni
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • P. Karataev, K.O. Kruchinin
    JAI, Egham, Surrey, United Kingdom
  Optical systems are used to transfer light in beam diagnostics for a variety of imaging applications. The effect of the point spread function (PSF) of these optical systems on the resulting measurements is often approximated or misunderstood. It is imperative that the optical PSF is independently characterised, as this can severely impede the attainable resolution of a diagnostic measurement. A high quality laser and specially chosen optics have been used to generate an intense optical point source in order to accomplish such a characterisation. The point source was used to measure the PSFs of various electron-beam imaging systems. These systems incorporate a digital micro-mirror array, which was used to produce very high (>105) dynamic range images. The PSF was measured at each intermediary image plane of the optical system; enabling the origin of any perturbations to the PSF to be isolated and potentially mitigated. One of the characterised systems has been used for optical transition radiation (OTR) measurements of an electron beam at KEK-ATF2 (Tsukuba, Japan).  
poster icon Poster WEPG80 [1.851 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-WEPG80  
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THAL02 Recent Developments for Instability Monitoring at the LHC injection, operation, pick-up, network 852
  • T.E. Levens, K. Łasocha, T. Lefèvre
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  A limiting factor on the maximum beam intensity that can be stored in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the growth of transverse beam instabilities. Understanding and mitigating these effects requires a good knowledge of the beam parameters during the instability in order to identify the cause and provide the necessary corrections. This paper presents the suite of beam diagnostics that have been put into operation to monitor these beam instabilities and the development of a trigger system to allow measurements to be made synchronously with multiple instruments as soon as any instability is detected.  
slides icon Slides THAL02 [15.591 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ DOI:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2016-THAL02  
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